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MySQL Compatibility

This documentation primarily introduces the compatibility comparison information between the MySQL mode of MatrixOne database and the native MySQL database.

MatrixOne is highly compatible with the MySQL 8.0 protocol and commonly used features and syntax of MySQL 8.0. Additionally, MatrixOne provides support for commonly used MySQL-related tools, including Navicat, MySQL Workbench, JDBC, etc. However, due to the different technical architecture of MatrixOne and its ongoing development and improvement, some functionalities are not yet supported. This section will mainly discuss the differences between the MySQL mode of MatrixOne database and the native MySQL database from the following aspects:

  • DDL Statements
  • DCL Statements
  • DML Statements
  • Advanced SQL Features
  • Data Types
  • Indexes and Constraints
  • Partition
  • Functions and Operators
  • Storage Engine
  • Transaction
  • Security and Permissions
  • Backup and Restore
  • System Variables
  • Programming Language
  • Peripheral Tools

DDL statements


  • A database with a Chinese name is not supported.
  • ENCRYPTION are currently supported but do not work.
  • ALTER DATABASE is not supported.
  • Only the utf8mb4 character set and utf8mb4_bin collation are supported by default and cannot be changed.


  • The CREATE TABLE .. AS SELECT statement is not supported.
  • Support AUTO_INCREMENT in the column definition, but not the AUTO_INCREMENT custom start value in a table definition.
  • CHARACTER SET/CHARSET and COLLATE in column definitions are not supported.
  • ENGINE= in the table definition is not supported.
  • The clauses: CHANGE [COLUMN], MODIFY [COLUMN], RENAME COLUMN, ADD [CONSTRAINT [symbol]] PRIMARY KEY, DROP PRIMARY KEY, and ALTER COLUMN ORDER BY can be freely combined in ALTER TABLE, these are not supported to be used with other clauses for the time being.
  • Temporary tables currently do not support using ALTER TABLE to modify the table structure.
  • Tables created using CREATE TABLE ... CLUSTER BY... do not allow modifications to the table structure using ALTER TABLE.
  • ALTER TABLE does not support PARTITION related operations.
  • Support defining Cluster by column clauses to pre-sort a column to speed up queries.

About VIEW

  • CREATE OR REPLACE VIEW is not supported.
  • The with check option clause is not supported, but MatrixOne simply ignores' ENGINE= '.
  • The DEFINER and SQL SECURITY clauses are not supported.


  • MySQL does not support SEQUENCE objects, but MatrixOne can create a sequence through CREATE SEQUENCE, and the syntax of MatrixOne is the same as PostgreSQL.
  • When using SEQUENCE in a table, you must pay attention to the auto_increment and sequence cannot be used together; otherwise, an error will be occured.

DCL Statement


  • Multi Account is a unique function of MatrixOne, including related statements such as CREATE/ALTER/DROP ACCOUNT.

About Permission

  • GRANT, authorization logic is different from MySQL.

  • REVOLE, the recovery logic is different from MySQL.

About SHOW

  • MatrixOne does not support performing SHOW operations on certain objects, including TRIGGER, FUNCTION, EVENT, PROCEDURE, ENGINE, and so on.
  • Due to architectural differences, MatrixOne has implemented some SHOW commands solely for syntactic compatibility; these commands will not produce any output, such as SHOW STATUS/PRIVILEGES, etc.
  • Although some commands have the same syntax as MySQL, their results differ significantly from MySQL due to different implementations. These commands include SHOW GRANTS, SHOW ERRORS, SHOW PROCESSLIST, SHOW VARIABLES.
  • For the purpose of its own management, MatrixOne offers several unique SHOW commands such as SHOW BACKEND SERVERS, SHOW ACCOUNTS, SHOW ROLES, SHOW NODE LIST, and others.

About SET

  • The system variables in MatrixOne differ significantly from MySQL, with most only providing syntactic compatibility. The parameters that can be set at present include: ROLE, SQL_MODE, and TIME_ZONE.

DML Statements


  • SELECT...FOR UPDATE only supports single-table queries.


  • MatrixOne does not support modifiers such as LOW_PRIORITY, DELAYED, HIGH_PRIORITY, IGNORE.


  • MatrixOne does not support the use of LOW_PRIORITY and IGNORE modifiers.


  • MatrixOne does not support modifiers such as LOW_PRIORITY, QUICK, or IGNORE.

About Subqueries

  • MatrixOne does not support multi-level associated subqueries in IN.

About LOAD

  • MatrixOne supports SET, but only in the form of SET columns_name=nullif(expr1,expr2).
  • MatrixOne does not support ESCAPED BY.
  • MatrixOne supports LOAD DATA LOCAL on the client side, but the --local-infle parameter must be added when connecting.
  • MatrixOne supports the import of JSONlines files but requires some unique syntax.
  • MatrixOne supports importing files from object storage but requires some unique syntax.


  • MatrixOne's Explain and Explain Analyze printing formats refer to PostgreSQL, which differs from MySQL.
  • JSON-type output is not supported.


  • The REPLACE statement does not currently support rows of values ​​inserted using the VALUES row_constructor_list parameter.

Advanced SQL Features

  • Triggers are not supported.
  • Stored procedures are not supported.
  • Event dispatchers are not supported.
  • Custom functions are not supported.
  • Materialized views are not supported.

Data Types

  • BOOL: Different from MySQL's Boolean value type, which is int, MatrixOne's Boolean value is a new type whose value can only be True or False.
  • DECIMAL: DECIMAL(P, D), the maximum precision of the effective number P and the number of digits after the decimal point D of MatrixOne is 38 digits, and MySQL is 65 and 30, respectively.
  • Float numbers: The usage of Float(M,D) and Double(M,D) is discarded after MySQL 8.0.17, but MatrixOne still retains this usage.
  • DATETIME: The maximum value range of MySQL is '1000-01-01 00:00:00' to '9999-12-31 23:59:59', and the maximum range of MatrixOne is '0001-01 -01 00:00:00' to '9999-12-31 23:59:59'.
  • TIMESTAMP: The maximum value range of MySQL is '1970-01-01 00:00:01.000000' UTC to '2038-01-19 03:14:07.999999' UTC, the maximum range of MatrixOne is '0001- 01-01 00:00:00' UTC to '9999-12-31 23:59:59' UTC.
  • MatrixOne supports UUID type.
  • Spatial types are not supported.
  • BIT and SET types are not supported.
  • MEDIUMINT type is not supported.

Indexes and Constraints

  • Secondary indexes only implement syntax and have no speedup effect.
  • Foreign keys do not support the ON CASCADE DELETE cascade delete.

Partition Support

  • Only support KEY, HASH two partition types.
  • Subpartitions implement only syntax, not functionality.

Functions and Operators

Aggregate Functions

  • Support MatrixOne-specific Median function.

Date and Time Functions

  • MatrixOne's TO_DATE function is the same as MySQL's STR_TO_DATE function.

CAST Function

  • The type conversion rules are pretty different from MySQL; see CAST.

Window functions

  • Only RANK, DENSE_RANK, ROW_NUMBER are supported.

JSON functions


System Management functions


TAE Storage Engine

  • MatrixOne's TAE storage engine is independently developed and does not support MySQL's InnoDB, MyISAM, or other engines.
  • There is only a TAE storage engine in MatrixOne; there is no need to use ENGINE=XXX to change the engine.

Security and Permissions

  • Only using ALTER USER can change the password.
  • Does not support modifying the upper limit of user connections.
  • Connection IP whitelisting is not supported.
  • Does not support LOAD file authorization management.
  • Can support SELECT INTO file authorization management through the CREATE STAGE section.


  • MatrixOne defaults to optimistic transactions.
  • different from MySQL, DDL statements in MatrixOne are transactional, and DDL operations can be rolled back within a transaction.
  • Table-level lock LOCK/UNLOCK TABLE is not supported.

Backup and Restore

  • The mysqldump backup tool is not supported; only the modump tool is supported.
  • Physical backups are supported.
  • Does not support binlog log backup.
  • Incremental backups are not supported.

System variables

  • MatrixOne's lower_case_table_names has 5 modes; the default is 1.

Programming language

  • Java, Python, Golang connectors, and ORM are basically supported, and connectors and ORMs in other languages ​​may encounter compatibility issues.

Other support tools

  • Navicat, DBeaver, MySQL Workbench, and HeidiSQL are basically supported, but the support for table design functions could be better due to the incomplete ability of ALTER TABLE.
  • The xtrabackup backup tool is not supported.